2. The article, The Music of Casablanca, by Timothy Scheurer from The Journal of Popular Film & television is about how Max Steiner put together music in Casablanca into a meaningful score that connected the political and romantic themes. Unlike previous films he worked on, Casablanca had music that was already built into the film and Steiner had to incorporate the composition. He had to include three songs: "As Time Goes By", "Deutschland Uber Alles", and "The Marseillaise." One of the problems he faced was coming up with original music that went along smoothly with the film. Because the film was set in Rick's Cafe, a typical nightclub, there always had to be music. The second challenge was composing and creating a pastiche score, musical work imitating a previous work, around Sam's musical numbers. Viewers of the film would find it odd if hits from the past or from their era were not performed. Another challenge was the song, "As Time Goes By." Steiner did not want the song in the film because he thought he could not write an original equal to that song. The song did stay because it was published in 1931 and it brought back the past. The song communicates a sense of longing nostalgia and it was really popular. It also represented a key relationship in the film. "Deutschland Uber Alles", and "The Marseillaise" were used to heighten the dramatic conflicts in the film. The songs, no doubt, work with the other film elements like acting and lighting.
3. This article relates to Casablanca because it is a very musical film. All the songs revolve around what happened or what is currently happening. In the film, characters literally demanded music to be played. For example, Ilsa says to Sam: "Play It" and Rick says to Sam: "If she can stand it, I can. Play It!" When Ilsa first asks Sam to play "As Time Goes By," Rick bursts out of his office and reprimands Sam for playing it. He is brought up short once he notices Ilsa. The viewers then realize this song represent some sort of unresolved conflict between Ilsa and Rick. Another aspect that viewers should notice is this song is never fully played and is fragmented. This shows that Ilsa and Rick's love is not completely fulfilled. On the other hand, the song is sung straight through when the film flashes back to Paris. It would make sense to hear the whole song during this sequence because that is when their relationship was happy. This song shows up again when Ilsa pulls a gun on Rick in order to get the letters. She is disarmed and explains why she didn't go to the train station, the song is very slow. The song speeds up when they embrace each other and kiss. This song played again because it suggests that their lost love is possible again. Lastly, the singing of "The Merseillaise" is one of the most dramatic musical sequence in the film. Laszlo starts singing this at the same time the Germans are singing "Deutschland Uber Alles". This shows that the French are seeking freedom from the Nazis through singing patriotic songs.
4. With it's place in history, Casablanca was released during the perfect time. It aired in 1942 and this was when World War II was taking place. The director, Michael Curtiz, did this for a certain reason. During this time, the people had to deal with self-sacrifices. This movie gave them a reason to have patriotism toward their country. It also showed them that everyone was making sacrifices, not just them. Michael Curtiz wanted to make the public aware of what was going on around them and to keep their heads high. The over all directing by Michael Curtiz, was stunning. After all, Casablanca did win an Academy Award for best director. There were many simple shots like zooms, over the shoulder, and panning, but they did portray great importance. When the camera zoomed up on Rick's Cafe Americain, it shows that this place is of great importance. Inside Rick's, Curtiz uses a lot of shadows, especially the afterhours, to show there is something dark and mysterious going on. A minute observation that is pivotal, is when the ink from Ilsa's letter washed away in the rain. This means that Ilsa has faded away from Rick's life. Another crucial aspect, is the music. Most of the music is sound disconnected and becomes sound connected when the viewer sees whomever is playing the instrument. Overall, this film hits home when it successfully connects to how viewers felt during this time.